Genetics Lesson Plans

Metaphase of the Cell Cycle
        Genetics lesson plans designed for high school, middle school, and elementary school science teachers are downloadable here. The Punnett square worksheets lets students practice the probability of inheritance. Mendel pea plant worksheets help students learn the history of genetics, the vocabulary of genetics and introduced to the probabilities of genetics. Genetic exam / test / quiz questions also provide help with evaluating the student’s progress. NGSS Life Science offers many great lessons. Click the titles below to see a list of lessons for each category. Free biological evolution lesson plans include:
  • Mendel Genetics Lesson Plans

    • Classical Genetics - Gregor Mendel, inheritance, heredity of traits, pea plants experiments.
    • Punnett Squares - genotype, phenotype, genotypic ratios, phenotypic ratios
    • Monohybrid Cross Punnett Squares - genetic probability with a single trait.
    • Dihybird Cross Punnett Squares - genetic probability with two traits.
    • Advanced Punnett Squares - incomplete dominance, pleiotropy, autosomal traits, sex-linked traits.
    • Mendel’s Law of Dominance - dominant, recesive, carrier of a trait, dominant allele, recessive allele.
    • Law of Segregation - Gene, allele, homozygous, heterozygous, gametes.
    • Law of Independent Assortment - multi-trait crosses, 9:3:3:1 ratio, chromosomes assort independently.
    • Genetic Disorders - cystic fibrosis, albinism (albino), neurofibromatosis, sickle-cell anemia, hemophilia A, color blindness.
    • Gametes - sperm, egg, ovum, gonads.
    • Pedigrees - autosomal and sex-linked.
  • Mitosis Lesson Plans

    • Cell Cycle - somatic cells, interphase, mitosis, cytokinesis.
    • Interphase - G1, S, G2.
    • Mitosis - prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase.
    • Cell Cycle Regulation - surface-to-volume ratio, checkpoints, external signals.
    • Binary Fission - asexual reproduction, circular DNA copied, cell divides.
    • Cancer - Proto-onco genes, tumor-suppressor genes.
  • Meiosis Lesson Plans

    • Chromosome - histones, nucleosomes, chromatin, coils, supercoils, chromatid, centromere, homologous chromosomes, autosomes, XY and XX sex chromosomes.
    • Genetic Varaition - sexual reproduction vs. asexual reproducation, crossing over, law of segregation, mutation
    • Animal Chromosome Numbers - human = 46, gorilla - chimpanzee - orangutan = 48, dog = 78, housefly = 12, mosquito = 6.
    • Plant Chromosome Numbers - pea plant = 14, rye - 14, corn - 20, wheat bread - 42.
    • Meiosis - homologous chromosomes, gametes, polyploid, diploid, haploid, gonads, sperm, egg, zygote.
    • Karyotype - prenatal testing, amniocentesis, cvs, error in chromosome numbers, aneuploidy, monosomy.
Cell Cycle

Lesson Plans by Subject

Free Lesson Plans

NGSS Life Science is a curriculum community for middle school and high school science teachers. High school and middle school curriculums include punnett square worksheets, Mendel genetics labs, pea plant experiments, gene worksheets, genetic disorder projects, probability labs, heredity activities, meiosis exam / test / quiz questions. Some lesson plan topics include karyotyping, sexual reproduction, egg and sperm, binary fission, genetic variation, cell division, cell DNA, cancer, and more.